Application of folded structures in modern architecture and engineering constructions
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Folded structures are constructions made of elements which by their mutual relation in the space form folded shape. This folded form of constructions represent three-dimensional structures - the spatial structures and belongs to the field of structural systems. Folded structures in the engineering practice were for a long time realized only in reinforced concrete. At first they were carried out on site with the use of a very complicated shell; and later the development of prefabricated construction led to the improvement of this type of constructions so the folded structures could be derived by assemblying prefabricated elements and their connection - monolithization on-site. Modern achievements in terms of applied materials and the methods of their connection have led to the development of this type of spatial structures and their greater use. The aspiration for cost effective and faster construction suppressed the folded structures made in reinforced concrete, and led to the realizat...ion of folded structures of other materials: steel, wood, glass, polyester resin and in combination of different materials that have experienced expansion over time. This work should contribute to expanding the knowledge of the area of folded structures materialized using different building materials in the contemporary engineering constructions.
Keywords:Application of folded structure in contemporary architecture and engineering constructions / Folded structure / Spatial structure / Structure forming folded structure
Source:Technics Technologies Education Management, 2012, 7, 4, 1522-1529
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