Nastanak prvih zdravstvenih kompleksa i zgrada u Beogradu u XIX i početkom XX veka
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The aim of the paper is to give an overview of how the fi rst health care buildings were erected in Belgrade, highlighting their signifi cance in the modernization of the country, while reaching the European standards in that specifi c area of public life. Apart from the most important state buildings in Savamala – the Council, the Court and the Great Barracks, in 1837, Prince Miloš Obrenović starts with the construction of the Palilula Barracks near the Palilula Square. At the same time, he brings up an issue of the soldiers’ hospital within the complex, with a capacity of one hundred patients. Th us begins a history of constructing the fi rst hospital buildings. Th ey are located in the peripheral areas of the Town, suitable for the health care buildings because of their position on the slopes towards the Danube and the vicinity of good quality water. Th e Palilula Military Hospital design was probably the workof Valentine Moor, a master builder from Pančevo. Not long aft er that, in... the late 1840s, at the time of Prince Aleksandar I Karađorđević, preparations for building a new Military Hospital in Belgrade are underway. The design was probably the work of the main engineer,an architect, Jan Nevole. The hospital was built in the 1846-49 period, consisting of a groundand the fi rst fl oor. Th e period of Prince Mihailo, like those of his predecessors, is marked by the construction of a hospital, the fi rst civilian healthcare institution in the capital. On his land plot in Vidin Street, near Palilula Square and the erstwhile Barracks, in 1868, the Town Hospital was built according to the design of the state engineer Joseph Francl. The new Military hospital, designed by architect Danilo Vladisavljević, educated in Aachen, was constructed in 1905-09. At the West Vračar area, according the modern spatial organization with pavilions surrounded by greenery. The construction of first hospital buildings tells us about the endeavors of the Serbian Principality to reach standards of the developed European countries in the fi eld of healthcare culture. The paper analyses building conditions, urban and architectural characteristics of the said buildings, as well as their impact on defi ning the character of the surrounding space, providing the foundations of a modern European image of the capital.
Source:Acta historiae medicinae, stomatologiae, pharmaciae, medicinae veterinariae, 2014, 33, 1, 74-92
- Beograd : Naučno društvo za istoriju zdravstvene kulture (NDIZK)
- The Modernization of the Western Balkans (RS-177009)