|dc.description.abstract||The contemporary transformations, caused by frictions between local and global forces, have to provide
comprehensive answers to numerous questions – from urban efficiency, environmental challenges, social
(in)equality, to urban history, identity and future sustainability. However, the processes which shape our
environment sometimes do not respond to actual needs of users, creating a gap between ambitious visions of
professionals and politicians and our everyday life patterns.
Considering all recent challenges the paper will analyze the case of New Belgrade and its current urban
metamorphosis which has an impact on the character of open public spaces. The focus of the research will be
Block 21, which was built during the 1970s and 1980s, after the national architectural competition.
Following the guidelines of the Master plan it was conceived as a mono-functional residential block, but its
reconstruction, conducted in two phases (during the 1990s and 2000s), instigated some typological changes.
New functions were added (for ex. commercial and office spaces), as well as new residential structures,
which were quite different from existing ones. Open community spaces were also transposed to another type,
different in size, function, pattern of communication and accessibility.
Following the thesis that successful public spaces should be responsive to the needs of their users, the paper
will present a research which has been done on needs and conflicts in open space. Based on a survey and
interviews of end users, along with observation and behavior mapping of activities, this paper should provide
answers on how recent changes of Block 21 meet users’ needs and to what extent they collide with the
original modernist outline.||sr