Typology of school buildings in Serbia: a tool for sustainable energy refurbishment
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Sustainability and resilience of public buildings nowadays represent key features that transcend the functional and institutional role of their physical structures. In contemporary societies, public buildings are often envisioned as model buildings as well, serving as good practice examples, demonstrating the immediate and long-term benefits of green building principles. School buildings play a very important role in this communication, and in developed countries they themselves serve as a learning tool. Being educated in a green and energy efficient building, students adopt building’s design and operation features as everyday standard, transferring the same design and operational modelsas well as comfort levels (expectations) to their future working and living spaces.The wider effect on the local community is similar. The average lifespan of school buildings implies the necessity to pay special attention to refurbishment of these structures enabling prolonged and contemporar...y use.Within a project “Energy efficiency in public buildings”, a collaboration between GIZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit), University of Belgrade – Faculty of Architecture and Ministry of Mining and Energy of the Republic of Serbia, special attention was paid to the school buildings. National Typology of School Buildings was conceived as a tool for improving this portion of building stock. A nationwide survey was conducted, covering 3990 public buildings with apurposely developed questionnaire for schools and kindergartens, resulting in formulation of unique database of these buildings (1857 schools). The paper presents methodology for identification of typical school buildings, covering various construction periods and building sizes. The paper further illustrates the type of analysis performed for type representatives, estimated potential for energy upgrades and expected impact on energy performance. The expected impact on local and national level is also being assessed.
Keywords:Schools / Public buildings / Building typology / Energy efficiency / Improvement measures
Source:Conference Proceedings [Elektronski izvor] / 5th international Academic Conference on Places and Technologies, [Belgrade], 2018, 357-363
- Belgrade : University, Faculty of Architecture
- Empower public authorities to establish a long-term strategy for mobilizing investment in the energy efficient renovation of the building stock (EU-695169)