Marc-Antoine Laugier's aesthetic postulates of architectural theory
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Views on architecture that hold a significant position in architectural theory are the ones by Marc-Antoine Laugier, a French theoretician from the 18th century. The research on his architectural theory that have been carried out so far are quite stereotypical and concern Laugier's concept of primitive hut as his only significant contribution to architectural theory. It is well-known that the concept of primitive hut plays an important role in Laugier's theory and it is what actually maintained his reputation up to now. However, by singling out this concept as an independent one, one actually neglects all the other aspects of Laugier's theory. The aim of this paper is to present multidimensionality of Laugier's architectural aesthetics by crossing the borders of architecture and viewing Laugier's ideas in cultural, philosophical, religious and historical context, as well as applying the integrative process and considering the spiritual paths of the enlightenment movement in the mid-18t...h century. A special attention is paid to considering the aesthetic aspect which represents the gist and an inevitable part of Laugier's architectural theory. His aesthetic theory is important in forming the classicist style, and despite its radical character, it influenced many architects in France and the rest of Europe. We may see Laugier as one of the first modernists considering his structuralist logic of the constructive circuit of architecture and aesthetic modesty of decoration. Laugier's functionalist attitude that the constructive circuit should at the same time represent a decorative element of architecture confirms the thesis that modernist approach has its roots in the 18th century.
Keywords:aesthetic rationalism / enlightenment / classicism / syntagm: truthfulness / simplicity and naturality
Source:Spatium, 2010, 23, 46-50
- Institut za arhitekturu i urbanizam Srbije, Beograd