Basic typology of the public buildings presented on the examples built in Belgrade in period between 1830 -1900
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In this paper, through the analyses of the structures built in Belgrade between 1830-1900, some of the basic types of the spatial organization of public buildings are defined, depending on their purpose and content, their position within the urban tissue, size and basic characteristics of the spatial form. Based on the abovementioned typological researches, it can be concluded that the focused buildings have a special place in the development of the modern Serbian architecture because they show, despite Turkish domination of Serbia at that time, the acceptance and developing of the new type of spatial organization which characterized the regions north of the Sava and the Danube, in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, and also the developed European centres. It can be also noticed, even though numerous examples within some types of buildings are not presented, that the basic schemes of the spatial organization formed in this period became the marking points which served as the basis for the ...development of much more complex and monumental structures in the first half of the XX century.
Keywords:Serbia / 19th century / Public building / Topology / Space organization
Source:Facta Universitatis, Series: Architecture and Civil Engineering, 1997, 1, 4, 509-524
- Univerzitet u Nišu