Land use and master planning under the pressure of informal city growth: case study of Belgrade
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Sustainable land use and integrative, comprehensive, and implementable master planning remain some of the most important aspects of sustainable urban planning today. At the same time, one of the most challenging tasks for the cities of developing countries is managing informal city growth. Bearing in mind these conditions and challenges, significant both in theory and in practice, the chapter focuses on their mutual influence and impacts in international and Western Balkans context, as well as in the Serbian capital. The aim of the review is to bring attention to the actual problem of unregulated informal settlements in Serbia and Belgrade, while suggesting the means and measures for its treatment within sustainable land use planning. The chapter gives insight into the importance, actuality, and general characteristics and challenges of sustainable land use planning, as well as the general overview of the growing informal settlements in developing countries and in the Western Balkans.... The core of the research describes the main characteristics of Belgrade’s land use planning on the one hand, and the growth of informal settlements on the other, seen as parallel, sometimes excluding, sometimes supporting processes, over the last four decades and their impact on the city development. The chapter concludes by offering the answers to the following research questions: what is the relation between the informal city growth and land use/master planning? What kind of effects do unregulated developments have on land use and master planning and vice versa? Finally – what are the feasible, sustainable solutions within the contexts of both Belgrade and Serbia?
Keywords:Sustainable land use / master planning / informal city growth / city development
Source:Integrated urban planning: directions, resources and territories, 2018, 191-213
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